Endometriosis is a condition resulting from the appearance of endometrial tissue outside the womb and is often rather painful, especially associated with menstruation. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. During Endometriosis, the displaced endometrial cells stick to your pelvic walls and the surfaces of your pelvic organs, such as your bladder, ovaries, and rectum. They continue to grow, thicken and bleed over the course of your menstrual cycle.
The symptoms of endometriosis can vary from very mild to very severe, although the severity of your pain doesn’t always indicate the degree of the condition.
The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than normal. Other common signs may include:
- Pain with urination
- Pain with intercourse
- Excessive bleeding
- Pain passing stool
Although the exact cause of endometriosis unknown, some possible explanations include:
- Menstrual flow problems
- Fetal development
- Embryonic cell growth
- Surgical scar
Endometriosis is usually diagnosed by laparoscopy (operation looking with the camera inside of the tummy) and treated with hormones or surgery. The approach to treatment will depend on women's age, her immediate and long-term wishes for family planning, the severity and type of her symptoms.
A number of girls/women experience extremely painful menstrual periods and think that is normal and do not seek help for years. It is very important to see a specialist to assess the problem and management of it.
Dr Novikova is highly experienced in treating all conditions associated with Endometriosis and is specialised in minimally invasive laparoscopic or keyhole surgery.