Ovarian cysts are common; most women will experience a cyst on their ovaries at least once. They generally cause no pain or symptoms and are discovered during a pelvic exam. As the cyst grows, women may experience nausea, bloating, painful bowel movements or pain during sex. They are usually non-cancerous, but can sometimes cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by a doctor. Some of them disappear without any treatment and others need surgery.
Types of ovarian cysts
- Follicle cyst - If the follicle doesn’t break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary.
- Dermoid cysts - sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue
- Cystadenomas - non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries
- Endometriomas - tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst