Woman experiencing abdominal pain with her hands on her belly.

Menstrual Disorders

Menstrual disorders are disorders that affect a woman’s menstrual cyle. They include disorders with the cycle length such as irregular periods, infrequent periods or absent periods due to polycystic ovarian syndrome, very heavy exercise and stress. Disorders with flow such as very heavy periods due to fibroids, polyps; dysmenorrhoea or painful menstruation which can be due to endometriosis or infection. There is cause for concern when periods come in less than 21 days or more than 3 months apart.

Menstrual disorders include:

  • Irregular periods – cycle length shorter or longer than normal
  • Infrequent periods – menstrual periods that occur more than 35 days apart, cause of concern when they occur more than 3 months apart.
  • Painful menstruation – also known as primary dysmenorrhea, secondary dysmenorrhea can be triggered by endometriosis or fibroids.
  • Heavy bleeding