Ovarian cysts are solid or fluid-filled pockets (cysts) within or on the surface of the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are common, especially during reproductive ages. They are usually non-cancerous, diagnosed with the examination and ultrasound and most of them disappear without any treatment whilst others need surgery.
Most women will experience a cyst on their ovaries at least once in their life-time. They generally cause no pain or symptoms and are discovered during a pelvic exam. As the cyst grows, women may experience pain, nausea, bloating, painful bowel movements or pain during sex. They are usually non-cancerous, but can sometimes cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by a doctor. Some of them disappear without any treatment and others need surgery.
Types of ovarian cysts
- Follicle cyst – If the follicle doesn’t break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary.
- Dermoid cysts – sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue
- Cystadenomas – non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries
- Endometriomas (chocolate cyst) – tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst.